Frangula alnus Mill. Description. University of Maine. common water hyacinth Emerging . Flowers are small, about ¼” and somewhat Brown bark with elongate silvery corky projections (Caution: native plums or cherries have a similar bark).Branches: Buds and leaves are alternate. SYNONYMS: Rhamnus frangula L. [18,65,83,92] Rhamnus frangula L. var. Bark is dark gray to brown with white lenticels. glossy buckthorn, alder buckthorn, glossy false buckthorn, columnar buckthorn, fen buckthorn. Common Name(s): glossy buckthorn [English] columnar buckthorn [English] European alder [English] fen buckthorn [English] tall hedge buckthorn [English] alder buckthorn [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Leaves are shiny with prominent, even venation stretching towards leaf margins. Aspenifolia (Fernleaf Buckthorn) – narrow, fern-like leaves. Glossy Buckthorn (Frangula alnus) has toothless leaves with 6 to 9 veins per side, and Common Buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica) has 4-parted flowers and … Both the common name alder buckthorn and specific epithet alnus refer to its association with alders (Alnus) on damp sites. It spread to multiple states since then. Cooperative Extension. Propagation and sale of this plant and its cultivars are prohibited in Minnesota. Legal Status: Restricted. Common Names. Common Name: Glossy Buckthorn Alternate Name: Alder buckthorn, columnar buckthorn, fernleaf buckthorn, tallhedge buckthorn Scientific Name: Frangula alnus Mill. The specific name 'alnus' and the common name 'alder buckthorn' may be related to the frequent occurrence of F. alnus in wet areas, the preferred habitat for alders (Alnus spp. City of Ann Arbor Michigan Parks and Recreation; Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, 1994. Overview Appearance Frangula alnus is a large shrub or small tree that can grow to heights of 30 ft. … Its flowers provide a source of pollen and nectar for bees and other insects, while its dense growth makes it a valuable nesting site for birds. Although R. cathartica is the preferred name for the species, it is widely reported as R. catharticus; both forms are attributed to Linneaus. Aggressive and invasive like the European buckthorn. Glossy buckthorn (Frangula alnus). Common Name: Glossy buckthorn Scientific Name: Frangula alnus Origin: Europe, northern Africa, and western Asia. It might have came from a shipping of ornamental plants from Europe to Minnesota and the buckthorn plants were in the cargo. This plant has a vertical, narrow growth habit, making it perfect for everything from privacy use to accent planting. Plant Information. Transportation is only allowed when in compliance with Minnesota Statute 18.82. Common Name: Glossy Buckthorn Alternate Name: Alder buckthorn, columnar buckthorn, fernleaf buckthorn, tallhedge buckthorn Scientific Name: Frangula alnus Mill. ; Haber, 1997). Scientific Name Synonyms. Finding Buckthorn. Replace Buckthorn with native plants. Buckthorn is easily found in late fall when native shrubs and trees have lost their leaves. Primarily wet … [12] [8] Other recorded names include glossy buckthorn and breaking buckthorn; historically, it was sometimes called "dogwood" through confusion of the leaves with those of dogwood Cornus sanguinea . Unlike other "buckthorns", alder buckthorn does not have thorns. 10–18 feet tall; oval form; upright. (Rhamnus cathartica, R. purshiana, etc.) Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. Legal Status: Restricted. angustifolia Louden LIFE FORM: Shrub-tree FEDERAL LEGAL STATUS: None OTHER STATUS: Origin: native. Alder buckthorn was first formally described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753 as Rhamnus frangula. Scientific Name: Rhamnus cathartica L. (ITIS) Common Name: Common buckthorn, European buckthorn, Hart's thorn, European waythorn. Glossy Buckthorn. Transportation is only allowed when in … Scientific Name Other Common . Common Name: Common Buckthorn Alternate Names: European Buckthorn, Buckthorn Scientific Name: Rhamnus cathartica L. Related Species: Glossy Buckthorn (Frangula alnus Mill.) Glossy buckthorn can either grow as a multi-stemmed shrub or single-stemmed tree up to 23’ (7 m) tall. Name Nursery Cultivars Shape of Plant Habitat Habitat Leaves Flowers Stems Stems Fruit and Seed Scientific Name Nursery Cultivars Shape of Plant Leaves Flowers . Appearance: Tall understory shrub or small tree, grows up to 20' high, has a spreading loosely branched crown, often multiple stems at the base. Lonicera maackii. Common Buckthorn . SCROLL DOWN FOR PHOTOGRAPHS. Native To: Europe and Western Asia (Knight et al. Shrubs, small to medium size Scientific Name / Common Name Aronia melanocarpa / Glossy Black Chokeberry Full sun to partial shade. glossy buckthorn Frangula alnus Seed(s) Steve Hurst : 1379048 glossy buckthorn Frangula alnus Plant(s) Zelimir Borzan : Invasive Listing Sources. Mature trees can grow to a height of 6m. Glossy Buckthorn. Scientific Name: Rhamnus spp. It is highly threatening to native communities. Type of habitat Invades wet areas, like bogs, marshes, river banks, wetlands and pond edges; will grow in full sun or dense shade. Common buckthorn resembles another invasive species, glossy buckthorn (Frangula alnus), and a much smaller native shrub, alder-leafed buckthorn (Rhamnus alnifolia). The leaf margins are smooth/entire and tend to be slightly wavy . The beginning of my research was … Add beauty, diversity, and natural food sources for songbirds to your woodland area. Glossy Buckthorn Scientific Name. The Glossy buckthorn is a type of shrub that is known by the scientific name Frangula Alnus.They are an invasive species that was introduced from Eurasia and can be recognized if you take a close look at it. Column1 Column2. common buckthorn nerprun cathartique This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Check the chart below to identify common buckthorn, glossy buckthorn and alder-leaved buckthorn. Amur honeysuckle Widspread . Fen Buckthorn, Alder Buckthorn. The Fine Line Buckthorn has a wispy, green, eye catching foliage. Alternate Names: European Buckthorn, Buckthorn. and all cultivars Related Species: Common/European buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica L.) Legal Status: Restricted Propagation and sale of this plant and its cultivars are prohibited in Minnesota. 6 m tall (approx. Average Dried Weight: 38 lbs/ft 3 (605 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.50, .61 Common names: alder buckthorn, glossy buckthorn, breaking buckthorn. Herbaceous Plants Herbaceous Plants. It is a great choice for any landscape and is drought tolerant. Nursery cultivars Columnaris (Tall Hedge Buckthorn) – narrow, columnar form. The Fine Line Buckthorn is a favorite due to is usefulness and its texture. Common Name: Glossy buckthorn: Scientific Name: Rhamnus frangula: Family: Rhamnaceae: Growth Form: Shrub or small tree: Native Range: North Africa, Asia, Europe: Invasive Range: From Nova Scotia to Saskatchewan, as far south as Minnesota, Illinois, New Jersey, and Tennessee. Bark is grey or brown with prominent, closely spaced lenticels (small visible openings or pores). Scientific Name. Leaves are deciduous, simple, and generally arrang ed alternately. Propagation and sale of this plant are prohibited in Minnesota. Scientific name: Frangula alnus. Purging buckthorn is the main food plant of the brimstone butterfly whose caterpillars eat the leaves. Family: Rhamnaceae. Scientific Name: Frangula Alnus Common Name(s): Glossy Buckthorn INVASIVE to MAINE Closer editing needed. It was subsequently separated by Phillip Miller in 1768 into the genus Frangula on the basis of its hermaphrodite flowers with a five-parted corolla (in Rhamnus the flowers are dioecious and four-parted), and it is now designated Fangula alnus. Other Common Name . Common Name(s): Buckthorn. Appearance Rhamnus cathartica is a deciduous shrub or small tree that can grow to 25 ft. (7.6 m) in height. The wood has been used to make butchers' skewers which are known in some areas as 'dogs', hence the alternative common name of black dogwood ( Fraser, 2003 ). 20 ft.). Common Name: glossy buckthorn, alder buckthorn Scientific Name: Family: Rhamnaceae Genus: Rhamnus Species: frangula Hardiness Zone: 3 to 7 Height: 12 to 15 ft Width: 3 to 4 ft Description: The glossy buckthorn is given its name due to the glossy look of the leaves.This is one of their distinguishing traits. COMMON NAMES: glossy buckthorn alder buckthorn European alder buckthorn smooth buckthorn TAXONOMY: The scientific name of glossy buckthorn is Frangula alnus Miller (Rhamnaceae) [32,46]. No thorn at tip of twig. 2007) ... Common Buckthorn and Glossy Buckthorn. Origin and Meaning of Names: Scientific Name: alnifolia: alder-leaved Photographs: 110 photographs available, of which 8 are featured on this page. Notes: This is our native buckthorn. Scientific Name: Rhamnus cathartica L. Related Species: Glossy Buckthorn (Frangula alnus Mill.) leaves have serrated edges unlike Glossy Buckthorn whose leaves have smooth edges leaves come out early in spring and remain on the plant until late fall which shades out most native plants fruits, leaves, and bark are cathartic (purging) to most animals but birds eat them readily Scientific Name Common Name Problem Type Scientific Name Common Name Problem Type. Tree Size: 15-30 ft (5-10 m) tall, 6-8 in (15-20 cm) trunk diameter. Bark and Stems. The outer bark is dark brown but the inner bark is bright yellow when exposed. Eragrostis curvula. Propagation and sale of this plant are prohibited in Minnesota. Synonyms and Other Names Other Common Names: alder buckthorn, glossy false buckthorn, columnar buckthorn, fen buckthorn Related Scientific Names: Rhamnus frangula P. Mill. Common Name: glossy buckthorn, European alder buckthorn Family Name: Rhamnaceae - Buckthorn family Native Range: Europe NJ Status: Emerging Stage 2 – Uncommon (may be regionally common or abundant). The bark is dark gray and the inner bark is orange (easily seen when the tree is cut). Nursery Cultivars ‘Columnaris’ (tall hedge buckthorn) ‘Asplenifolia’ (fernleaf buckthorn) ‘Ron Williams’ (Fine Line® buckthorn) Shape of Plant . Eichhornia crassipes. These are excellent plants for sites that have light to partial shade. ( Synonym ) Scientific Name: Frangula alnus 'Asplenifolia' Family: Buckthorn Parent: Frangula alnus Related Cultivars: Frangula alnus 'Columnaris' Zone: 4 Plant Size: 12-15' Habit: Rounded Culture: Very adaptable. Rhamnus frangula P. Mill. It may be hard to identify, as there are several other similar shrubs which grow in wet areas alongside it. Deciduous shrub or small tree with glossy foliage and red to black berries; grows to approx. Habitat. 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