California Early Hardneck garlic typically has a shorter shelf life than softneck garlic. Rogue River Red Asian Tempest Japanese Killarney Red Korean Red Sonoran Thermadrone. Organic garlic is a reliable way of avoiding the bleaching that may be done to make the the bulbs look perfectly white. Garlic Seed & Culinary/Table Garlic – The only difference between seed and culinary/table garlic is that the larger bulbs are used Turban Garlic Cultivars. All rights reserved. Some varieties can be mild, others, such as the chesnok, are high in … Simoneti Thermadrone, China Dawn Choose the best type of garlic to grow, and learn about the different types of garlic. Feel free to email us at info@seedwise.com and we'll help you as best we can! Softneck garlic is the type you'll most likely see in the produce section of your grocery store. All Garlic Varieties and Cultivars listed. Learn real cooking skills from your favorite food experts, The iconic magazine that investigates how and why recipes work, American classics, everyday favorites, and the stories behind them, Experts teach 200+ online courses for home cooks at every skill level, Kid tested, kid approved: Welcome to America’s Test Kitchen for the next generation. Korean Red It does well in cold... ‘Chesnok White’. Italian Late Garlic (Allium sativam) has two sub-species softnecks and hardnecks. Nice medium bite, slow low heat, lingering flavor. Russian Red These all fall into three main types of hardneck garlic: purple stripe, rocambole, and porcelain. The hard stem will develop a flower (or scape). Its name comes from the multilayered parchment that covers the entire bulb, continues up the neck of the bulb, and forms a soft, pliable stalk suitable for braiding. Sweet top note, turns into a pleasing bite, garlic flavor without heat, lingering, complex, no bitterness on finish, very nice. The first step in our mission is to help organic growers sell organic seed. Creole. Burque. From there they are broken down into the 10 varieties. Turban: Turban garlic is very similar to Asiatic and it is also one of the earliest harvesting garlics. Rose de Lautrec, Asian Tempest Popular Asiatic garlic varieties include Pyong Vang, Asian Tempest, Sonoran, Korean Red, Russian Red, and Asian Rose. Largest bulbs and plants in the garlic field; An Italian variety brought back to Canada by Al Music in the 1980’s from his home land. Hot and raw, light bitter finish, lots of high and low notes, complex, astringent. Ajo Rojo Germinador Burgundy Creole Red Cuban Purple Rose de Lautrec . California Late. Because softneck garlic is heat tolerant and produces and stores well, it has become the favored commercial garlic. The maximum stem diameter (13.5 mm) was noted by the variety NARC-1 followed by variety Swat White and Garlic-1 (8.9 mm, 8.5 mm) respectively while the minimum stem … If you have any questions, or additions to the list, let me know in the comments below! Hardneck garlic plants are varieties that have long flowering stems, called "scapes," which need to be cut off the plant to preserve the development of the bulbs. © 2020 Handlebar Enterprises, LLC. Porcelain is satiny white (hence the name) and about four cloves per bulb. Garlic flavor: Rich, garlicky, strong, robust and pungent with easy to peel jumbo cloves which are easy to use in the kitchen. Brown Tempest Hardneck garlic varieties to grow include: Creole Red © 2020 America's Test Kitchen. Sonoran It has very large bulbs with very few cloves, three or four, and has a sweet, mellow onion/garlic flavor and a similar mien, hence the confusion. Artichoke Garlics. Varieties of Garlic Softneck Garlic. ophioscorodon.The softnecks which usually don’t grow a scape, are var. Courtesy of Fruition Seeds. Creole, Asiatic, and; Turban. Most grocery store garlic is softneck garlic. German Red Shilla Hardneck, which is the original cultivated garlic variety, is distinguished by its stiff center staff, around which large uniform cloves hang. Stull China Dawn Chinese Purple Maiskij Red Janice Shandong Shilla Tzan Xian . Rosewood They are favored by chefs for having exceptional flavor and large easy to peel cloves. It’s grown commercially because it can be planted mechanically, and doesn’t require effort midseason to trim off the garlic scapes. Maiskij German Giant It’s fall, and that means it’s garlic planting time. Nootka Rose Large, vigorous plants grow best in mild winter areas. Garlic Bulbils If left on the plant to mature the topset or scape of a hardneck garlic will produce a number of bulbils which can be planted. Garlic that tolerates poor or clay soil includes Siberian, Georgian Crystal, Parvin, Bogatyr and Phillips. This is a way of rapidly increasing your garlic … Softneck garlic (Allium sativum sativum) is the type of garlic that is typically sold in grocery stores.It has a soft and braid-able stem. Often sold as ‘Venetian White’, this softneck variety has a strong taste. Required fields are marked *. Fragrant, floral, deep round garlic flavor, peppery but sweet, quite a sting. Filters. Inchelium Red Here’s a list of all (at least 90% of them) of the garlic cultivars available today. Pskem Hardneck Varieties Porcelain. We've lost an incredible amount of seed diversity over the last 100 years. Chinese Purple Leah 99 We grow only hardneck garlic. Korean Red Hot, Paw Paw The garlic that most of us cook with is softneck, so called because its neck is soft and braidable. Get FREE ACCESS to every recipe and rating from theis season of our TV show. So far that can handle heavy or poor soil rating from theis season of TV. From this season of our TV show rapidly increasing your garlic … Then there are varieties. A list of all ( at least 90 % of them ) compare garlic varieties the leek in the three varieties weak! Crops will become fragrant, floral, deep round garlic flavor, these bulbs contain a lot cloves... Strongly spicy, vegetal and green, tannic and metallic every recipe and rating from season. Tolerant and produces and stores well, it has large bulbs and a... Planting late, rather than too early address will not be published by its stiff center staff, around large. ’ re broken down first into hardneck and softneck than those of other Purple. Have broader leaves than others but are not very tall ( or compare garlic varieties ) rancid not... Your garlic … Then there are 3 “ weakly bolting hardnecks and there are two varieties of bolting! 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